what is its history and the most important changes – Explica .co
We tell you all about the evolution of the bicycle, know the history and the most important changes that this vehicle has undergone.
Every time you ride a bike you are doing a full exercise that keeps you strong and healthy. You also use a transport it doesn’t pollute the planet, and if that wasn’t enough, have fun! Know the evolution of the bike.
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The evolution of cycling
The first bikes were very different (and less efficient) than those of today. We invite you to discover the history of this wonderful vehicle.
1790: The bike’s great-great-great-great-grandfather was a wooden frame with wheels that you steered by pushing your feet against the ground. It was called CELERIFIER and it was invented by the French COUNTY MEDE DE SIVRAC.
1816: The German Baron KARL CHRISTIAN LUDWIG DRAIS VON SAUERBRONN built the first two-wheeler with a steering gear. He received the name of DRAISIANA, although in England they said ‘Dandy horse‘(graceful horse).
Photo: Getty Images
1839: The Scottish Blacksmith KIRKPATRICK MACMILLAN improve it DRAISIANA the addition of pedals and driving levers.
Thanks to his innovations, cyclists could move forward without touching the ground.
1861: French PIERRE MICHAUX and his son ERNEST they replaced the levers and pedals attached to the front wheel. They also made it taller than the rear.
Thus was born the MICHAULIN, the first “real” bicycle. We also called him velocipede.
By the way, Michaux founded the first bicycle factory.
1869: This year the modern name of the vehicle was patented: BICYCLE.
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History of modern cycling
1873: The British inventor JAMES STARLEY built the first bike that we can already call “MODERN”:
Solid rubber wheels that were mounted on the steel of the rim.
It was very unstable and heavy because the front wheel was three times the size of the rear wheel.
Photo: Getty Images
1880: French GUILMET and the British HARRY LAWSON RIDE THE SR OR LOW BIKE:
Wheels of the same size. Pedals attached to a cogwheel via gears. Transmission chain that made the rear wheel slip.
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1889: John Kemp Starley added brakes and thus created the safety bike.
The tires have improved considerably thanks to LA CHAMBRE (tubular rubber ring filled with air, which isolates the wheel from the ground) invented by JOHN BOYD DUNLOP in 1885.
1896: The cycling became olympic sport, and in 1903 the first TOUR DE FRANCE. The design of the bikes has been changed to make them LIGHTER AND AERODYNAMIC.
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1970: At the beginning of this year in California (United States), it became fashionable to use the bicycle on dirt roads. Thus was born the popular sport of MOUNTAIN BIKE.
1987: THE COMPANY HIKING introduced the first front suspension.
1990: THE FIRST APPEARS MOUNTAIN BIKE with double suspension.
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Before you leave:
Cycling is a great option for mobility in an emergency
Explore 3 spectacular cycle routes in Europe
10 hours of cycling per week for optimal old age